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Staying Informed About the Coronavirus

What is the Coronavirus (COVID-19)

There are many types of human coronaviruses that are responsible for causing common colds and more severe dis­eases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). COVID-19 is a new disease caused by a new coronavirus that has not previously been seen in humans.

Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC) recommends everyday preventive actions to help stop the spread of COVID-19, including:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Avoid close contact with people that are sick and maintain a distance between yourself and other people.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Facemasks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to others. The CDC does not recommend that people who are well wear a facemask.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces.

To learn more about how to protect yourself and others, visit the CDC COVID-19 factsheet for more information.

Signs and Symptoms

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death. Most people (about 80%), recover from the disease without needing special treatment. 1 out of every 6 people who contracts COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops breathing difficulties. Older people and those with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.

What To Do If You Feel Ill

  • If you think you have been exposed to COVID-19 and develop a fever and symptoms, such as cough or difficulty breathing, call your healthcare provider for medical advice.
  • Stay home when feeling ill.
  • Avoid exposing others to your illness – even if you feel up to going out, you could pose a risk to someone who lacks your immune resilience.
  • Avoid public transportation.
  • Seek immediate medical attention with these COVID-19 emergency warning signs:
    • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
    • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest.
    • Bluish lips or face.
    • New confusion.

Status of Testing, Vaccines and Treatment Options

To date, there is no vaccine or specific antiviral medicine to prevent COVID-2019, but vaccines are under investigation and beginning to be tested in humans. The Department of Human Health and Services has teamed up with manufacturers to expedite the development of vaccines. There is no FDA approved antiviral medication to treat COVID-2019. Some specific drug treatments are under investigation which are undergoing clinical trials globally. Examples of drugs being investigated as possible treatments for COVID-19 are: colchicine, remdesivir, lopinavir/ritonavir, favipiravir, fingolimod, methylprednisolone, chloroquine phosphate, hydroxychloroquine sulfate, bevacizumab, hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, leronlimab and Ivermectin. In other efforts, the CDC also announced there have been protocols developed for convalescent plasma use to assist with recovery of those infected with the virus.

On March 30th, the FDA rolled out a new diagnostic test for Americans who need testing for the COVID-19 virus. This test provides patients with results in hours rather than days. The CDC has also announced a new type of test to determine the antibodies relating to COVID-19 in a person’s system. Serological tests, or antibody tests, can help identify individuals who have developed an immune response. The FDA has also authorized the first diagnostic test with an at-home sample collection option for COVID-19. These kits will be available to consumers with a doctor’s order in most states in the upcoming weeks.

Helpful Links

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html
https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus
https://www.fda.gov/news-events/

Sources

https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus
https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/
https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2020/02/11/hhs-janssen-join-forces-on-coronavirus-vaccine.html


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